With an hourly rate of $1,800, Ted Olson may be the most expensive lawyer in the country. But, as his pedigree and track record prove (e.g., Bush v. Gore, Proposition 8, etc.), he is worth every penny. He demonstrated it again last evening with a masterful brief filed in opposition to the leagues' motion for a temporary restraining order and preliminary injunction. His persuasive and well-written brief (filed on behalf of Governor Christie) sets the stage for Judge Shipp to schedule oral argument tomorrow on whether a temporary restraining order should immediately issue against Monmouth Park Racetrack, which has announced plans to offer sports wagering to its patrons beginning this Sunday. Based on the strength of the response briefs (including those filed by the other New Jersey defendants), it also appears likely that Judge Shipp will also schedule a hearing for mid-November on the motion for preliminary injunction, which seeks an injunction of much longer duration than the temporary restraining order.
Here are the highlights of the New Jersey response (drawing mostly from Olson's brief) [to be updated periodically]:
- Partial Repeal Expressly Permitted by Third Circuit Opinion
In response to the leagues' argument that New Jersey's new legislation (a partial repeal of the sports betting ban, but limited to casinos and racetracks) is a "de facto authorization" of sports betting because casinos and racetracks remain subject to state licensing and regulation, Olson argues that New Jersey is doing precisely what the Third Circuit opinion allows. He writes that "[t]he 2014 Act's partial repeal of the State's prohibition on sports wagering tracks precisely what the Third Circuit held is permitted by PASPA. As the United States explained, under the Their Circuit's decision, PASPA permits States to repeal their prohibitions on sports wagering 'in whole or in part.' That is exactly what New Jersey has done." Olson adds that the Third Circuit opinion further specified that the New Jersey defendants "were permitted to specify what the exact contours of the prohibition [on sports wagering] will be."
- Leagues & DOJ told Court in 2013 That Repeal Would be Legally Permissible
Olson also highlights prior statements made by United States Attorney Paul Fishman and league counsel Jeffrey Mishkin (at the Third Circuit oral argument) agreeing that a repeal would be permissible under ASPA. "In response to New Jersey's argument that PASPA violated the United States Constitution because it commandeered New Jersey's authority by effectively requiring it to maintain unwanted state-law prohibitions on sports wagering," Olson explained that "to save PASPA from that constitutional attack," the leagues and the DOJ "repeatedly conceded that PASPA does not require New Jersey to maintain its prohibitions on sports wagering." He notes that at oral argument before the Third Circuit, Mr. Fishman acknowledged that New Jersey "could" as a matter of law repeal its ban on sports wagering. Likewise, as Olson pointed out, league attorney Mishkin conceded that "nothing in PASPA requires states to enact, maintain, or enforce any prohibitions on sports gambling." Olson then adds this zinger (perhaps channeling judicial estoppel): "Having repeatedly urged this Court, and the Third Circuit, to adopt the view that PASPA does not prevent a State from repealing prohibitions against sports wagering, Plaintiffs cannot now be heard to complain when the New Jersey Legislature did exactly that."
- No "Equivalence" Between "Authorization" and "Repeal"
Addressing the leagues' argument that the partial repeal of the state-law ban on sports betting is a "de facto authorization," Olson points to language in the Third Circuit opinion holding that "there is no 'equivalence' between 'repeal and authorization' and that a repeal of prohibitions on sports wagering would not 'authorize by law' that activity." He adds that "Plaintiffs cannot have it both ways; either PASPA permits States to repeal their prohibitions against sports wagering in whole or in part, as does the 2014 Act, or PASPA unconstitutionally commandeers states authority by forcing States to maintain unwanted prohibitions."
- Leagues' "All-or-Nothing" Approach Irreconcilable with Third Circuit Ruling
In response to the leagues' argument that the partial repeal is a "half-measure" (see, even Paul Clement quotes Breaking Bad) directed only at "state-authorized gambling venues," Olson writes that the league position is "flatly contradicted" by the Third Circuit's ruling, which explained that "States remain free to define the 'contours of the[ir] prohibition -- a holding that Plaintiffs tellingly fail to acknowledge." Olson maintains that "Plaintiffs' contrary contention that PASPA permits States only the choice of an absolute prohibition on all sports wagering or no prohibitions whatsoever on sports wagering is irreconcilable with the Third Circuit's ruling, the stated position of the United States, and common sense."
- "Background Regulation" of Casinos & Racetracks Would Occur Under Full Repeal Too
Olson also takes aim at the leagues' argument that the partial repeal is a "de facto authorization"of sports betting because only state-licensed casinos and state-licensed racetracks are benefitted and they would remain subject to extensive state regulation, thereby enabling New Jersey to "regulate"sports betting, even if indirectly. Olson makes two great points to counter that. First, he observes that this would still be true even under a "complete repeal" of the ban against sports wagering. Olson writes that "[i]f background regulation of other activities at casinos and racetracks constitutes an authorization of sports wagering, then even if a state were to take Plaintiffs' suggestion and repeal all laws against sports wagering, that background regulation, licensure and taxation of businesses still would violate PASPA (under Plaintiffs' interpretation). The choice between prohibiting sports betting and foregoing all regulation and taxation of businesses is not merely a 'hard' choice but is indeed 'no choice at all,' and therefore unconstitutional." Olson also challenges the leagues' assertion that only "state-licensed" venues are involved, pointing to language in the new law that also repeals prohibitions at 'former racetracks' which have been converted to other uses and are not regulated by the State Defendants at all." Those in the know speculate that one of the "former racetracks" that would house unregulated sports betting is Garden State Park, in Cherry Hill, NJ, right outside of Philadelphia).